Today in History

Today in History


274 Feb 27 Constantine I was born. He became the great Roman emperor (324-337) who adopted Christianity.
425 Feb 27 Theodosius effectively founded a university in Constantinople.
1167 Feb 27 Robert of Melun, English philosopher, bishop of Hereford, died.
1425 Feb 27 Moscow’s Grand Duke Vasilii died and his brother-in-law, Vytautas, became guardian of his son, Vasilii, and daughter, Sophia.
1526 Feb 27 Saxony and Hesse formed the League of Gotha, a league of Protestant princes.
1531 Feb 27 German Protestants formed the League of Schmalkalden to defend themselves against Charles V and the Roman Catholic states.
1557 Feb 27 The 1st Russian Embassy opened in London.
1563 Feb 27 William Byrd, English composer, was appointed organist at Lincoln Cathedral.
1622 Feb 27 Rembrandt Carel Fabritius (d.1654), Dutch painter, was born.
1649 Feb 27 Johann Philipp Krieger, composer, was born.
1670 Feb 27 Jews were expelled from Austria by order of Leopold I.
1700 Feb 27 The Pacific Island of New Britain was discovered. It is the largest of group of islands in the South Pacific, NE of New Guinea.
1706 Feb 27 John Evelyn, diarist, died.
1733 Feb 27 Johann Adam Birkenstock (46), composer and sandal designer, died.
1735 Feb 27 Dr. John Arbuthnot (b.1667), English physician, satirist and polymath, died
1746 Feb 27 Gian Francesco Fortunati, composer, was born.
1801 Feb 27 The District of Columbia was placed under the jurisdiction of Congress.
1807 Feb 27 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (d.1882), was born in Portland, Maine. He was an American poet famous for “The Children’s Hour,” and “Evangeline.” “What is time? The shadow on the dial, the striking of the clock, the running of the sand, day and night, summer and winter, months, years, centuries””these are but arbitrary and outward signs, the measure of Time, not Time itself. Time is the Life of the soul.”
1813 Feb 27 The 1st federal vaccination legislation was enacted.
1814 Feb 27 Ludwig von Beethoven’s 8th Symphony in F, premiered.
1814 Feb 27 Napoleon’s Marshal Nicholas Oudinot was pushed back at Barsur-Aube by the Emperor’s allied enemies shortly before his abdication.
1823 Feb 27 William Buel Franklin (d.1903), Major General (Union volunteers), was born.
1827 Feb 27 Richard W. Johnson (d.1897), Bvt Major General (Union Army), was born.
1836 Feb 27 Mexican forces under General Jose de Urrea defeated Texan forces at the Battle of San Patricio.
1841 Feb 27 [Eleanor] Agnes Lee, daughter of US general Robert E. Lee, was born.
1844 Feb 27 Dominican Republic rebels, under the leadership of Francisco del Rosario Sanchez and Ramon Mella, launched their uprising and gained independence from Haiti (National Day).
1848 Feb 27 Charles Hubert H. Parry, musicologist, composer (Jerusalem), was born in England.
1850 Feb 27 Henry Edwards Huntington, US railroad exec, was born.
1854 Feb 27 Composer Robert Schumann was saved from a suicide attempt in Rhine.
1860 Feb 27 Abraham Lincoln spoke at the Great Hall of Cooper Union College in NYC: “Let us have faith that right makes might, and in that faith, let us, to the end, dare to do our duty as we understand it.”
1861 Feb 27 In the Warsaw massacre Russian troops fired on a crowd protesting Russian rule over Poland. Five marchers were killed.
1864 Feb 27 The 6th and last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia, (about 600 casualties).
1865 Feb 27 A Civil War skirmish took place near Sturgeon, Missouri.
1873 Feb 27 Enrico Caruso (d.1921), was born. He was the Italian operatic lyric tenor who excelled in operas such as Pagliacci.
1879 Feb 27 Constantine Fahlberg discovered saccharin, an artificial sweetener.
1883 Feb 27 Oscar Hammerstein patented the 1st cigar-rolling machine.
1886 Feb 27 Hugo L. Black (d.1971) was born in Alabama. He became the 78th Supreme Court Justice (1937-71) and wrote opinions forbidding prayer in schools (Sen-D-Ala).
1887 Feb 27 Alexander Porfiryevich Borodin (53), Russian physician, composer (Prince Igor), died.
1888 Feb 27 Lotte Lehmann, German opera singer, was born.
1891 Feb 27 David Sarnoff, RCA Board Chairman and a pioneer of U.S. television, was born.
1895 Feb 27 Rudolf von Eschwege, German fighter pilot with 20 victories in World War I, was born. He was the only German fighter pilot on the Macedonian Front.
1897 Feb 27 Miriam Anderson, was born. She became a world renown opera singer and civil rights pioneer, and is best remembered for singing “My Country Tis of Thee” in front of the Lincoln Memorial.
1899 Feb 27 Charles H. Best, physiologist, co-discoverer of Insulin, was born in Maine.
1902 Feb 27 John Steinbeck (d.1968), American novelist (Nobel 1962), was born in Salinas, Ca. He authored “The Grapes of Wrath,” “Of Mice and Men” and “The Log from the Sea of Cortez.” “A man, after he has brushed off the dust and chips of his life, will have left only the hard, clean question: Was it good or was it evil? Have I done well””or ill?”
1904 Feb 27 James T. Farrell (d.1979), author (Young Lonigan), was born. In 2004 Robert K. Landers authored “The Life and Times of James T. Farrell.”
1905 Feb 27 Japanese pushed Russians back in Manchuria, and cross the Sha River.
1908 Feb 27 Baseball’s sacrifice fly was adopted. It was repealed in 1931 and was  reinstated in 1954.
1908 Feb 27 The forty-sixth star was added to the U.S. flag, signifying Oklahoma’s admission to statehood.
1910 Feb 27 Peter De Vries, writer, poetry editor (Reuben Reuben, Prick of Noon)(Poetry Magazine, The New Yorker), was born.
1912 Feb 27 Lawrence Durrell, English novelist and poet, was born. His books included “The Alexandria Quartet.” In 1998 Ian MacNiven wrote the biography: “Lawrence Durrell.”
1913 Feb 27 Irwin Shaw, US novelist (Rich Man Poor Man), was born.
1917 Feb 27 John Connally, Texas Governor, wounded in the assassination of President John Kennedy, was born.
1919 Feb 27 1st public performance of Gustav Holst’s “Planets.”
1920 Feb 27 The US rejected a Soviet peace offer as propaganda.
1922 Feb 27 G.B. Shaw’s “Back to Methuselah I/II” premiered in NYC.
1925 Feb 27 Glacier Bay National Monument was dedicated in Alaska.
1927 Feb 27 For the 2nd Sunday in a row golfers in SC were arrested for violating Sabbath.
1929 Feb 27 Briton Hadden (b.1898) co-founder of Time Magazine with his Yale classmate Henry Luce, died of a mysterious infection. In 2006 Isaiah Wilner authored “The Man Time Forgot,” a biography of Hadden.
1930 Feb 27 Joanne Woodward, actress, was born. Her films included “Rachel, Rachel” and “The Three Faces of Eve.”
1932 Feb 27 Elizabeth Taylor, actress, was born. Her films included “Cleopatra” and “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?”
1933 Feb 27 Jean Genet’s “Intermezzo,” premiered in Paris.
1934 Feb 27 Ralph Nader, consumer advocate, was born. He was Connecticut lawyer who invented the automobile safety movement. His 1965 book “Unsafe at Any Speed” characterized the Chevrolet Corvair as unsafe and pushed for a congressional investigation.
1935 Feb 27 Mirella Freni, lyric soprano (Madame Butterfly), was born in Modena, Italy.
1936 Feb 27 Ivan P. Pavlov (86), Russian physiologist (reflexes, “drooling dog” Nobel 1904), died.
1938 Feb 27 Britain and France recognized the Franco government in Spain.
1939 Feb 27 Nadezjda K. Krupskaja (70), Russian revolutionary, wife of Lenin, died.
1941 Feb 27 Jewish musicians came together in Berlin and performed Gustav Mahler’s Second Symphony. In 2001 Martin Goldsmith authored “The Inextinguishable Symphony: A True Story of Music and Love in Nazi Germany.”
1942 Feb 27 The 1st transport of French Jews left to Nazi Germany.
1947 Feb 27 Gidon Kremer, violinist (Tchaikovsky Prize 1970), was born in Riga, Latvia.
1949 Feb 27 Chaim Weizmann became the 1st Israeli president.
1951 Feb 27 The 22nd Amendment to the US Constitution, limiting a president to two terms of office, was ratified.
1953 Feb 27 F-84 Thunderjets raided North Korean base on Yalu River. A year after leaving West Point, Lt. Joe Kingston was en route to Korea, where he, like a lot of others, found himself retreating and advancing in a single day.
1956 Feb 27 Female suffrage was granted in Egypt.
1957 Feb 27 Mao made his speech “On Correct Handling of Contradictions Among People.”
1958 Feb 27 Harry Cohn, CEO of Columbia Pictures, died of a heart attack.
1960 Feb 27 The U.S. Olympic hockey team defeated the Soviets, 3-2, at the Winter Games in Squaw Valley, Calif. The U.S. team went on to win the gold medal.
1962 Feb 27 South Vietnamese president Ngo Dinh Diem was unharmed as two planes bombed the presidential palace in Saigon. The 1st US national was killed. Although Diem had shortcomings as a leader, he had led South Vietnam for eight years and at the time of his death was attempting to deal with Buddhist factionalism.
1963 Feb 27 The USSR said that 10,000 troops would remain in Cuba.
1964 Feb 27 “What Makes Sammy Run?” opened at 84th St Theater in NYC for 540 performances.
1968 Feb 27 CBS News anchorman Walter Cronkite”˜s commentary on the progress of the Vietnam War solidified President Lyndon B. Johnson”˜s decision not to seek reelection in 1968. Cronkite, who had been at Hue in the midst of the Tet Offensive earlier in February, said: “Who won and who lost in the great Tet Offensive against the cities? I”˜m not sure.” He concluded: “It is increasingly clear to this reporter that the only rational way out…will be to negotiate, not as victors but as an honorable people who lived up to their pledge to defend democracy, and did the best they could.” Johnson called the commentary a “turning point,” saying that if he had “lost Cronkite,” he”˜d “lost Mr. Average Citizen.” On March 31, Johnson announced he would not seek reelection.
1969 Feb 27 President Nixon arrived in Rome from West Berlin amid protests by thousands of students.
1973 Feb 27 U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a Virginia pool club could not bar residents because of color.
1976 Feb 27 The final meeting between Mao tse Tung and Richard Nixon took place.
1979 Feb 27 Jane M. Byrne confounded Chicago’s Democratic political machine as she upset Mayor Michael A. Bilandic to win their party’s mayoral primary. Byrne went on to win the election.
1980 Feb 27 Chelsea Clinton, daughter of President Clinton (1993-2001), was born in Little Rock, Ark.
1982 Feb 27 Wayne B. Williams was found guilty of murdering two of the 28 young blacks whose bodies were found in the Atlanta area over a 22-month period.
1985 Feb 27 In San Francisco the Irwin Memorial Blood Bank said that 80 Bay Area residents have received blood since 1979 from donors who are know to have contracted AIDS.
1986 Feb 27 The U.S. Senate approved telecasts of its debates on a trial basis.
1987 Feb 27 “Washington Week In Review” celebrated its 20th anniversary on PBS.
1988 Feb 27 Katarina Witt of East Germany won the gold medal in women’s figure skating at the Winter Olympics in Calgary, Canada, with Elizabeth Manley of Canada placing second and Debi Thomas of the United States, third. Debi Thomas became the first African American to win a medal at the Winter Olympics.
1989 Feb 27 President Bush warned of what he called the “fool’s gold” of trade protectionism as he addressed South Korea’s National Assembly before returning home.
1990 Feb 27 The US Supreme Court ruled that prison officials could force inmates to take powerful anti-psychotic drugs without a judge’s consent.
1991 Feb 27 In San Francisco wrecking balls began demolishing the Embarcadero Freeway.
1992 Feb 27 Tiger Woods (16) became the youngest PGA golfer in 35 years.
1993 Feb 27 Jose Duval (72), actor and singer, died. He played coffee pitchman Juan Valdez.
1994 Feb 27 The Winter Olympic Games ended in Lillehammer, Norway.
1995 Feb 27 Court-appointed salvagers swarmed into Britain’s oldest investment bank to evaluate the remaining assets of Barings PLC after Nick Leeson, a 28-year-old trader, ruined the firm by gambling on Tokyo stock prices.
1996 Feb 27 Bob Dole won the North Dakota and South Dakota primaries, while Steve Forbes captured Arizona’s winner-take-all primary.
1997 Feb 27 A jury in Fayetteville, N.C., convicted former Army paratrooper James N. Burmeister of murdering a black couple so he could get a skinhead tattoo. He was later sentenced to life in prison.
1999 Feb 27 Western planes bombed targets in southern Iraq and Baghdad claimed that 23 people were wounded.
2000 Feb 27 Minister Louis Farrakhan of the Nation of Islam ended 2 decades of bitter rivalry and embraced W. Deen Mohammad, son of the late Elijah Mohammad (d.1975), onetime leader of the black Muslims.
2001 Feb 27 President Bush went before Congress with a $1.9 trillion spending plan that would sharply reduce growth in many government programs while leaving room to give Americans the biggest tax cut in two decades.
2002 Feb 27 Alicia Keys won in 5 categories at the 44th annual Grammy Awards. Train won for best rock song: “Drops of Jupiter,” U2 won for best record of the year: “Walk On,” and Various Artists won the album of the year: “O Brother, Where Art Thou.”
2003 Feb 27 The Bush administration lowered the terror alert threat to code yellow.
2004 Feb 27 A federal judge in NY threw out 1 of 5 counts against Martha Stewart (62). She said prosecutors failed to prove that Stewart intended to commit securities fraud in her Dec 21, 2001, sale of ImClone Systems shares. 4 lesser charges remained.
2005 Feb 27 Iran and Russia signed a deal that would deliver nuclear fuel to the Middle East country for the startup of its first reactor.
2006 Feb 27 The US and Colombia reached a free trade agreement after nearly 2 years of negotiations. The pact needed approval by the legislatures of both countries.
2007 Feb 27 The Dow Jones industrial average dropped 416.02 points, the worst drop since the 2001 terrorist attacks.
2008 Feb 27 The euro finished above $1.50 for the first time after US Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke’s testimony supported market expectations of another US rate cut.
2009 Feb 27 President Barack Obama outlined his plan for withdrawing combat troops from Iraq by Aug. 31, 2010.
2010 Feb 27 President Barack Obama signed a one-year extension of several provisions in the nation’s main counterterrorism law, the Patriot Act.
2011 Feb 27 In Fremont, Ca., about 15 robbers with guns and rifles accosted 6 employees at Unigen and escaped with $37 million in computer components. In April 5 suspects were arrested and charged with the robbery.
2012 Feb 27 Colorado’s sec. of state said enough signatures have bee collected to allow a measure for the legalization of marijuana for recreational use to go before voters in November.
2013 Feb 27 The US Senate confirmed Jacob J. Lew (57) as treasury secretary.
2014 Feb 27 The United Arab Emirates’ state news agency said two crew members have been killed in the crash of a military training aircraft.
See also  Today in History

Credit: Timelines of History



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